Category Archives: Cloud Computing

Autonomous Vehicles: Job Killer?

According to the 2014 Census data, more than 4.4 million Americans work as drivers. Will autonomous vehicles kill most of these driver required jobs? With the growth and advancement in autonomous vehicle technologies, many Americans are in danger of losing their job or taking significant cuts in their income because a new and convenient technology is taking their place. Autonomous vehicles are expected to reduce labor cost, fuel cost and accidents. The potential savings will outweigh the human cost, especially as companies fight for profit margins. While companies plot to save money in the future through using this new tech …

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Autonomous Vehicles and All That Data

In an earlier post, we discussed the potential ownership models for autonomous vehicles, also known as driverless cars (“AVs”). Models range from true traditional ownership as we understand it today, to licensed-based models (vehicles owned by someone else but you can use them on an exclusive or non-exclusive basis), to service-based models (you do not own the vehicle, but you can call it when you want it, e.g. cab, Uber).  In this post we will explore the data-intensiveness of autonomous vehicles, the impending data “land grab,” and who will own and control all of the data generated by AVs. An …

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Autonomous Vehicles: A Regulatory Perspective

The coming innovation of autonomous vehicles (i.e. self-driving cars) has been covered pretty widely in the news over the past 18-24 months.  Not long ago, the reality of autonomous vehicles was unknown to most Americans.  But it is now creeping into the consciousness of more and more Americans.  As the certainty of this new technology approaches, it is becoming clearer that it will cause massive disruption in an area of American life that is intensely regulated at every level.  If you think about it, the manufacture, distribution, sale, ownership, and operation of cars are all regulated by federal, state and …

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Cyber Security and Social Engineering: A Big Low Tech Problem

Headline-grabbing cyber hacks of email accounts belonging to celebrities, corporations, government officials and political campaigns are becoming the norm.  Cybersecurity intended to guard against these acts brings to mind high tech computer hardware and software fixes delivered by knowledgeable IT professionals, who are expected to prevent network intrusions, stolen passwords, viruses, ransomware attacks and other hacks. But the most recent notable cyber hacks were not caused by high tech espionage.  Rather, they were the product of low tech social engineering – the use of deception to manipulate users into divulging confidential passwords and other personal information.  This kind of hack …

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The Anthem Breach – A Retrospective (Part II)

We published Part I of our “Anthem Breach Retrospective” in January 2017.  Coincidentally, at around the same time several plaintiffs in one of the earliest filed cases arising out of the Anthem data breach voluntarily asked a judge in the Northern District of California to dismiss their lawsuits. The requests for dismissal came after Judge Cousins ordered select plaintiffs to comply with a discovery request by Anthem, requiring them to submit their computers to an independent forensic examiner to determine whether malware caused data or credentials to be stolen from the plaintiffs’ computers even before the breach of Anthem’s systems. …

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ISO’s Privacy Standard for Cloud Service Providers

In July 2014, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) issued a new security standard – ISO 27018 – which attempts to outline best practices for public cloud service providers on how to better protect personally identifiable information.  Although the standard expressly only applies to public cloud providers, it’s instructive to any cloud provider –public or private. Like all ISO standards, compliance with ISO 27018 is voluntary, and certification under the standard is not required by any law. However, over time, more and more cloud service contracts are requiring compliance with or certification to this standard. Adhering to the ISO …

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Key HIPAA Settlement Agreements by HHS’s Office for Civil Rights in 2015 & 2016

The last time this blog presented an overview of key HIPAA settlement agreements at the Office for Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was a review of 2014.  The number of complaints that year had spiked up compared to 2013: around a 25% increase.  This post will examine key cases from 2015 and 2016.  While the number of complaints in 2015 was relatively steady with 2014, it appears, based on preliminary numbers, that 2016 was the busiest year ever for the Office. HHS has data through November 2016 currently posted on its website, but no …

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The Anthem Breach – A Retrospective

Many people and news outlets have opined, weighed in, and informed the public about the 2015 Anthem breach. It remains a hot topic in January 2017, because it currently lines up with other hot stories about hacking ordered by foreign governments.  But even before the Anthem breach was linked to one of the biggest issues of the 2016 election cycle, it was an important data incident, for several reasons. Why was the Anthem breach important at that time? The Anthem breach was notable because it was the first major data breach that potentially involved protected health information. Media coverage about …

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Legal Considerations for Website Privacy Policies

You finally created your website. Did you include eye-catching graphics? Check. Did you include an attention-grabbing banner slogan? Did you post all of your social media handles? Did you include a privacy policy for the website? Maybe… We get questions from clients about whether they are required to include a privacy policy and, if so, what should it say.  The answers may surprise you, but a privacy policy should definitely not be an afterthought for website owners.  It certainly isn’t a best practice to simply copy and paste the privacy policy of another’s company’s website.  The representations made in website …

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Cloud-Computing Lessons using Software as a Service (SaaS)

Long before anyone referred to “the cloud” as something related to the Internet, software companies began shifting away from expensive, customized, on-site software implementations to something we used to call Software as a Service (SaaS).  Now, “the cloud” is widely recognized as a place where Internet-based computing resources are shared, but SaaS is still out there.  In fact, it’s probably the most widespread type of “cloud” computing; you just don’t hear it called “SaaS” that much anymore.  But SaaS is, fundamentally, the same as it ever was – a type of Internet-based computing that provides shared computer device processing resources …

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